Things You Need to Know About 7/12 Extract

Things You Need to Know About 7/12 Extract

Without legal documents, it becomes challenging for people to purchase the property. They play an essential role while purchasing because the absence of even a single article will lead to your application getting rejected.

7/12 extract is one document required in Maharashtra to purchase any property asset. This document gets registered under the Revenue department of the government of Maharashtra. 7/12 extract is also known as the “record of rights” and the “record of land rights”. This paperwork is necessary when purchasing a plot of land in a rural or semi-rural location.

What is 7/12 Extract?

The 7/12 extract is a document providing information about a specific portion of the property, including the survey number, date, area, and further facts about the name of the current owner. This data collected is a culmination of 2 forms, one being form 7 and the other form, is form 12. Form 7 talks about information in-depth regarding the landowner’s obligations and rights. Form 12 deals with the specific crops grown on a piece of land, the types of crops grown there, and the amount of cultivable land.

As for Rural areas, the 7/12 extract provides details on the lands:

  • Survey number
  • Owner and cultivator information
  • Extent
  • Type of irrigated field
  • The crops produced during the previous growing season

It also collects data on loans that government organisations have granted to landowners, along with the reason they were given, such as loans or subsidies for buying seeds, pesticides, or fertilisers. The loans may have been given to the owner or the cultivator.

How Did the Idea of the 7/12 Extract Originate?

The name 7/12 came up from the Maharashtra land revenue manual. The authenticity of the numbers 7 and 12 comes up with the village form numbers. Form 7, which is the record of rights, lists the following:

  • Names of the land’s occupants, owners, borrowers,
  • Grantees of rent or revenue,
  • Government lessees,
  • Tenants,
  • Rights and responsibilities of revenue holders to pay, as well as
  • Other information about the land—other than crop information—that the state government may specify by rule.

Form 12, shown in the lower portion of the extract, is a register of crops that lists the types of crops grown, the amount of area planted in crops, and the amount of fallow land.

Why is the 7/12 Extract Important?

The main aim of the 7/12 extract is to determine the legal status of the plot. It discovers the historical data on any given piece of land. This document contains details about previous disagreements, lawsuits, legal actions, etc., that might impact who owns the land or its status legally. Recording the land’s characteristics to find its precise position and describe its physical features is essential. The extract also records the most recent crops produced on farmland.

What Information Does the 7/12 Extract Provide?

A person can obtain the 7/12 extract or the record of land rights from the tehsildar’s office, which lies within the jurisdiction of the purchased plot. It includes the following information about the plot-

  • Examine the number of lands
  • Area of the land which can be available for the cultivator
  • Trade of ownership
  • Mutation charges
  • Category of land (agricultural or non-agricultural)
  • Kind of irrigation (irrigated type or rain-fed type)
  • Details of unsettled credit for buying seeds, fertilisers or pesticides
  • Information about the crops planted in the last cultivating season
  • Details of ongoing litigations
  • Details of paid and unpaid encumbrances

The Procedure for Getting a 7/12 Extract Online

You can obtain a 7/12 extract online by following these steps:

  1. Go to the Maharashtra Governments website
  2. Choose the provided details (division, district, taluk, and village from the given options)
  3. You can further research the 7/12 extract by adding any of the following information-
  • Survey nos./ group nos. of the plot
  • First name of the owner of the plot
  • Ancestral (previous) owners of the plot
  • Last name of the owner of the plot

4. Then, click on the find out button and view the 7/12 Extract.

What is the Difference Between a 7/12 Extract and a Property Card?

The purpose of both these records is the same: to inquire about information about the registered land. A 7/12 extract is with the public revenue department, which shows the land records. It contains details about the family’s rights, the status of credits and mortgages, and cropping patterns. This document thus puts across the legal status of the agricultural land.

While in urban areas, all the details like ownership, access, plot number, and other necessary property information are entered into the property card. It is the same as the 7/12 extract but for urban area-related information.


So, according to field specialists, the 7/12 Extract is a land record for tax collection purposes and can be produced as evidence to demonstrate the land’s possession rights. A vital sign of the property’s legal status is the 7/12 extract paperwork (agriculture land). In this article, we learned about the 7/12 Extract of Maharashtra Land Records. The government has struck out the usage of this document in urban areas in Maharashtra, including Mumbai suburban areas; therefore, it is only relevant when land portions lack city survey numbers. For non-agricultural properties, the 7/12 paperwork is also required.


What does "7/12 extract" mean?

The extract from the land records register maintained by the Revenue Department of the Government of Maharashtra is recognised as the 7/12 Extract or Record of Rights.

How do I withdraw my name from a 7/12 extract?

To have a name removed from 7/12 extract Maharashtra, you must visit your district tahsildar and give him the necessary documentation.

What are land records?

Land records are evidence of ownership rights in land and boundaries in post-conflict land administration.

Who invented the usage of 7/12 extract?

The 7/12 extract is taken from the land record, which is kept up to date by the revenue divisions of the governments of Gujarat and Maharashtra, two Indian states.